Methods Participating rheumatologists were asked to invite consecutive RA patients to complete a 20-question survey. The survey was designed to assess relevant
sociodemographic variables, the current treatment, and the approach to RA management as seen from the patient’s perspective, as well as their agreement with the T2T recommendations.
Results A total of 959 patients (77% were female) were recruited by 22 participating rheumatologists from 6 Canadian provinces. Patients had a mean age of 59.1 years and mean disease duration of 12.9 years. Approximately 72% of patients were on methotrexate (76.1% combination therapy), and 36.7% were treated with biologics (6.4% monotherapy, 30.3% combination therapy). The agreement with T2T recommendations ranged from 8.6 for recommendation 4 (frequency of adjustment Selleck AS1842856 of drug therapy) to 9.5 for recommendation 8 (maintenance of treatment targets). These results are comparable see more to a previous physicians’ survey except that there was more acceptance on the part of patients for more frequent visits (recommendation 5; patient agreement score was 9.06 vs physician agreement score of 6.92) and evaluations for adjustments of therapy (recommendation 6 patient agreement score was 9.39 vs physician agreement
score of 7.49) to achieve the stated goal.
Conclusions The results of this survey showed that Canadian patients are being treated for their RA according
to the published treatment recommendations with combination disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and biologics and a small percentage with oral corticosteroids. The majority of patients seems to be satisfied with their management and is in agreement with the T2T recommendations, although they tended to place greater emphasis than did physicians on flexibility of visit frequency and detailed assessments.”
“Angiogenesis and microvascular endothelial injury play a role in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a key regulator of angiogenesis, and nail fold capillaroscopy (NFC) have been investigated in few studies in SLE with no reports targeting SLE with cutaneous manifestations. To evaluate NFC changes and VEGF serum level in relation to disease activity in SLE patients with versus without cutaneous manifestations. Bafilomycin A1 cell line Thirty SLE patients (15 with cutaneous manifestations [group I], 15 without [group II]) and 15 healthy controls were evaluated for VEGF serum levels, NFC changes and were related to disease activity. VEGF serum levels were significantly higher in patients than controls (median and interquartile range [IQR]: 2110.77, 471.094714.30 vs 60.00, 14366, respectively, P < 0.0001). VEGF cut-off value to predict SLE patients was more than 293 and to detect moderate and severe SLE activity was more than 422 pg/mL and more than 3800 pg/mL, respectively.