04 and 0 006, respectively miR-1247 and CDH1 hyper methylation a

04 and 0.006, respectively. miR-1247 and CDH1 hyper methylation and a more severe Mayo endoscopic subscore: miR-1247: p = 0.0008, CDH1: p = 0.03, mean of both: p = 0.003). When the severe clinical phenotype was defined as having any of five phenotypes (hospitalized more than twice, highest Mayo endoscopic subscore, steroid dependence, refractory, or a history of surgery) miR-1247 hypermethylation was associated with the same phenotype (p = 0.008). Conclusions: Our data suggest that variability in the methylation status of EMT-related genes is associated with more severe clinical phenotypes in UC.”
“IgG4-related sclerosing disease is recognized as a distinct clinicopathological

entity. It is well known that this disease can occur in the salivary, lacrimal and pituitary glands, in the head and neck region. The nasal cavity

is an extremely rare site of involvement of IgG4-related sclerosing disease. selleck chemical Herein is reported a case of multiple IgG4-related sclerosing lesions in the maxillary sinus, parotid gland and nasal septum. A 73-year-old Japanese man presented with nasal obstruction and tumors of the right maxillary sinus and parotid gland were detected, after which resections of these Birinapant solubility dmso tumors were performed. One year after the last surgery, he noted swelling of the nasal septum, and the tumor was resected. These three tumors had similar histopathology, such as conspicuous fibrosclerotic changes with dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and occasional obliterative

phlebitis. Immunohistochemistry indicated abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration and high ratios of IgG4-positive/IgG-positive plasma cells (> 70%) in all three lesions. The diagnosis of multiple IgG4-related sclerosing lesions was made. The present case suggests that IgG4-related sclerosing lesion can occur in the maxillary sinus and nasal septum, and represents an extension of the spectrum of IgG4-related sclerosing Selleckchem MLN2238 disease.”
“The crucial role of the drug carrier surface chemical moeities on the uptake and in vitro release of drug is discussed here in a systematic manner. Mesoporous alumina with a wide pore size distribution (2-7 nm) functionalized with various hydrophilic and hydrophobic surface chemical groups was employed as the carrier for delivery of the model drug ibuprofen. Surface functionalization with hydrophobic groups resulted in low degree of drug loading (approximately 20%) and fast rate of release (85% over a period of 5 h) whereas hydrophilic groups resulted in a significantly higher drug payloads (21%-45%) and slower rate of release (12%-40% over a period of 5 h). Depending on the chemical moiety, the diffusion controlled (proportional to time(-0.5)) drug release was additionally observed to be dependent on the mode of arrangement of the functional groups on the alumina surface as well as on the pore characteristics of the matrix.

It is concluded that modifications of the 3-hydroxyl group would

It is concluded that modifications of the 3-hydroxyl group would generate a potent Dr haemagglutinin inhibitor that would not cause the toxic side effects that are associated with the normal bacteriostatic activity of CLM.”
“Background: Cytokines are known to play critical roles in the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, the relationship between cytokines and treatment responses this website to drugs for CHB is not clearly defined yet. We measured the serum cytokine levels of interleukin (IL)-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8,

IL-10, vascular endothelial growth factor, interferon-g, tumor necrosis factor-(TNF-alpha), macrophage/monocyte chemotactic protein 1, and epidermal growth factor to elucidate the cytokine expression pattern according to the patients’ responses to lamivudine. Methods: Fifty-eight

specimens from 27 CHB patients and Selonsertib inhibitor 98 specimens from healthy individuals were tested for 12 kinds of cytokines. The patients were grouped as: before treatment, ongoing treatment, during maintaining remission, and patients with viral breakthrough owing to resistance against lamivudine. The Evidence Investigator (Randox, Antrim, UK), a protein chip analyzer, was used to quantify serum cytokines. Results: Among 12 cytokines, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-alpha were significantly elevated in patients with resistance against lamivudine compared with patients maintaining response. IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-a levels also weak to moderate correlated with ALT and HBV-DNA concentrations. Conclusions: Serum cytokine levels would reflect the pathological differences of the individual treatment phases and may become useful indices in monitoring the treatment response of CHB. J. Clin. Lab. Anal. 25: 414-421, 2011. (C) 2011

Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“AIM: selleck chemicals To explore whether patients with a defective ileocecal valve (ICV)/cecal distension reflex have small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.\n\nMETHODS: Using a colonoscope, under conscious sedation, the ICV was intubated and the colonoscope was placed within the terminal ileum (TI). A manometry catheter with 4 pressure channels, spaced 1 cm apart, was passed through the biopsy channel of the colonoscope into the TI. The colonoscope was slowly withdrawn from the TI while the manometry catheter was advanced. The catheter was placed across the ICV so that at least one pressure port was within the TI, ICV and the cecum respectively. Pressures were continuously measured during air insufflation into the cecum, under direct endoscopic visualization, in 19 volunteers. Air was insufflated to a maximum of 40 mmHg to prevent barotrauma. All subjects underwent lactulose breath testing one month after the colonoscopy. The results of the breath tests were compared with the results of the pressures within the ICV during air insufflation.

cm(-2) nm(-1) (confirmed with an appropriate irradiance meter cal

cm(-2).nm(-1) (confirmed with an appropriate irradiance meter calibrated over the appropriate wavelength range); (3) illumination of maximal body surface; and (4) demonstration of a decrease in total bilirubin concentrations during the first 4 to 6 hours of exposure.\n\nRECOMMENDATIONS (SEE APPENDIX FOR GRADING DEFINITION): The intensity and spectral output of phototherapy devices is useful in predicting potential effectiveness in treating hyperbilirubinemia (group B recommendation). Clinical selleck effectiveness should be evaluated before and monitored during use (group B recommendation). Blocking the light source or reducing exposed body

surface should be avoided (group B recommendation). Standardization of irradiance meters, improvements in device design, and lower-upper limits of light intensity for phototherapy units merit further study. Comparing the in vivo performance of devices is not practical, in general, and alternative procedures need to be explored. Pediatrics 2011;128:e1046-e1052″
“Understanding variations in lipoprotein cholesterol levels throughout the menstrual cycle is important because there may be clinical implications MK2206 regarding

the appropriate timing of measurement and implications on the design and interpretation of studies in women of reproductive age. Our objective was to review the evidence comparing lipoprotein cholesterol levels throughout the menstrual cycle among premenopausal women. Overall, lipoprotein Selleck LY2835219 cholesterol levels were observed to vary in response to changing estrogen levels. Taken together, the evidence

suggests that total cholesterol and LDL-C tend to be highest during the follicular phase and to decline during the luteal phase, with HDL-C highest around ovulation. Based on these findings, the menstrual cycle phase should be taken into account when evaluating lipoprotein cholesterol levels among reproductive-aged women. Measuring cholesterol levels during menses is recommended for consistent comparisons as this phase can be more reliably identified than other phases, although women within National Cholesterol Education Program acceptable ranges, but near the boundaries when tested during menses, should undergo additional tests.”
“A new lab-scale microstructured reactor was used for investigations on enhancing the H-2/CO ratio in synthesis gas from biomass feedstocks via the water gas shift reaction. A model mixture of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, water, and hydrogen was used to reproduce the typical synthesis gas composition from dry biomass gasification. Catalyst layers were prepared and characterized; a combined incipient wetness impregnation and sol-gel technology was applied. The catalytic activities of Pt/CeO2 and Pt/CeO2/Al2O3 films were determined at temperatures of 400-600 degrees C and pressures of up to 45 bars.

In combination, LAI and canopy %N explain greater than 75 per cen

In combination, LAI and canopy %N explain greater than 75 per cent of variation in above-ground net primary productivity among forests, expressed per year or per day of growing season. After accounting MG-132 datasheet for growing season length and climate effects, less than 10 per cent of the variance remained unexplained. These results mirror similar

relations of leaf-scale and canopy-scale (eddy covariance) maximum photosynthetic rates to LAI and %N. Collectively, these findings indicate that canopy structure and chemistry translate from instantaneous physiology to annual carbon fluxes. Given the increasing capacity to remotely sense canopy LAI, %N and phenology, these results support the idea that physiologically based scaling relations can be useful tools for global modelling.”
“Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause see more of acute hepatitis in humans, causing outbreaks and epidemics in regions with sub-optimal sanitary conditions, in many of which it is endemic. Nowadays there is no specific therapy or licensed vaccines against HEV infection. In this

study, we have analyzed in mice the immunogenicity of HEV open-reading frame 2 (ORF-2) protein, and a truncated form of it lacking the first 111 amino acids, efficiently expressed in an improved baculovirus-based technology using insects as living biofactories. Both recombinant proteins elicited high and long-lasting specific anti HEV antibodies. Passive transfer of immunity from immunized mothers to their offspring was demonstrated to occur both by transplacental and lactation routes. These results indicate HM781-36B ic50 that these insect-derived immunogens constitute low-cost

potential vaccine candidate to be further evaluated. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Obesity is becoming an increasingly prevalent problem among American children. Screening for obesity associated comorbid conditions has been shown to be inconsistent. The current study was undertaken to explore patterns of ordering screening tests among obese pediatric patients. We analyzed electronic medical records (EMR) from 69,901 patients ages 2-18 years between June 1999 and December 2008. Obese children who had documented diagnoses of obesity were identified based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes. Screening rates for glucose, liver, and lipid abnormalities were assessed. Regression analysis was used to examine impact of patient characteristics and temporal trends were analyzed. Of the 9,251 obese diagnosed patients identified, 22% were screened for all three included obesity-related conditions: diabetes, liver, and lipid abnormalities; 52% were screened for glucose abnormalities; 30% for liver abnormalities; and 41% for lipid abnormalities. Increasing BMI and age were associated with increased rates of screening. Females and Hispanic patients were more likely to be screened.

We describe the pelvic anatomy and relevant neuroanatomy involved

We describe the pelvic anatomy and relevant neuroanatomy involved in maintaining urinary continence and during micturition, subsequently highlighting the anatomical basis of urinary incontinence. Comprehensive anatomical understanding is vital for appropriate medical and surgical management of affected patients, SC79 chemical structure and helps guide development of future therapies. (C) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“The present study was designed to investigate whether gonadotropins [follicle-stimulating hormone

(FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)] and buffalo follicular fluid (bFF) supplementation in maturation medium influences the transcript abundance of germ cell marker genes [maternal antigen that embryos require (MATER), Zygote arrest 1 (ZAR1), growth differentiation buy AZD5153 factor 9 (GDF9), and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15)] mRNA in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) oocytes. Buffalo ovaries were collected from local abattoir, oocytes were aspirated

from antral follicles (5-8 mm) and matured in vitro using two different maturation regimens, viz, group A: gonadotropin (FSH and LH) and group B: non-gonadotropin-supplemented maturation medium containing 20% buffalo follicular fluid (bFF). mRNA was isolated from immature (330) and in vitro matured oocytes from both the groups (A, 320; B, 340), and reverse transcribed using Moloney murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase. Expression levels of MATER, ZAR1, GDF9, and BMP15 mRNA CHIR-99021 ic50 transcripts were analyzed in oocytes of both maturation groups as well as immature oocytes using real-time PCR. QPCR results showed that GDF9 and BMP15 transcripts were significantly (p < 0.05) influenced with gonadotropins and bFF supplementation during in vitro maturation of buffalo oocyte; however,

MATER and ZAR1 transcripts were not influenced with gonadotropins and bFF supplementation in vitro. These results indicated that the expression levels of MATER, ZAR1, GDF9, and BMP15 mRNA were varied differentially during in vitro maturation of buffalo oocyte and were found to be gonadotropins (FSH and LH) or bFF dependent for GDF9 and BMP15.”
“Membrane topology control is thought to involve peripheral membrane proteins of the F-BAR domain family including syndapins. These proteins are predestined to shape membranes by partial insertion and by imposing their curved shape onto the lipid bilayer. Direct observation of such functions on cellular membranes, however, was precluded by the difficulty to combine high-resolution imaging with visualization of membrane topology. Here, we report the ultrastructural visualization of endogenous syndapin II at the plasma membrane of NIH 3T3 cells using a combination of freeze-fracturing, immunogold labeling and transmission electron microscopy. Surprisingly, syndapin II was detected at flat and curved membrane areas. Ultrastructural colocalization with caveolin 1 identified syndapin II-positive invaginations as caveolae.

Results Eighty-five spine surgeons completed our survey, for

\n\nResults. Eighty-five spine surgeons completed our survey, for a response rate of 84.1%. Most respondents (77.6%) were interested in working with an NPC

Panobinostat to screen patients with low back-related complaints referred for elective surgical assessment. Perception of suboptimal wait time for consultation and poor screening efficiency for surgical candidates were associated with greater surgeon interest in an NPC model of care. We achieved majority consensus regarding the core components for a low back-related complaints history and examination, and findings that would support surgical assessment. A majority of respondents (75.3%) agreed that they would be comfortable not assessing patients with low back-related complaints referred to their practice if indications for surgery were ruled out by an NPC.\n\nConclusion. The majority of Canadian spine surgeons were open to an NPC model of care to assess and triage nonurgent or emergent low back-related complaints. Clinical trials to establish the effectiveness and acceptance of check details an NPC model of care

by all stakeholders are urgently needed.”
“Synthesis and characterization of Cu0.5Tl0.5Ba2(Ca2-yMgy)(Cu0.5Zn2.5)O10-delta (y=0, 1.0, and 1.5) superconductor with 0%, 50%, and 75% Mg-doping at the Ca sites are reported. The samples were synthesized by solid-state reaction and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), dc-resistivity (rho) and fluctuation induced conductivity (FIC) analysis. The zero resistivity critical temperature learn more T-c(R=0) was decreased with the increase of Mg-doping at Ca sites. The microscopic parameters such as the cross-over temperature (T-o), zero temperature coherence length xi(c)(0) and interlayer coupling (J) were deduced

from FIC analysis. According to Aslamazov Larkin equations, a distinct cross-over temperature (T-o1) from three-dimensional (3D) to two-dimensional (2D) fluctuation induced conductivity regions was observed in all samples. Another crossover temperature (T-o2) from 2D to zero-dimensional (0D) fluctuations was also witnessed. FIC analysis revealed the deterioration of superconductivity with increased Mg-content. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.”
“The probiotic properties of two selected lactobacilli strains were assessed. L. salivarius and L. plantarum displayed higher hydrophobicity (48% and 54%, resp.) and coaggregation ability with four pathogens (from 7.9% to 57.5%). L. salivarius and L. plantarum had good inhibitory effects on S. aureus (38.2% and 49.5%, resp.) attachment to Caco-2 cells.

Direct cell counting and quantification of 16S rRNA genes and dis

Direct cell counting and quantification of 16S rRNA genes and dissimilatory sulfite reductase (dsrA) genes by real-time PCR proved different population sizes in fluids, showing higher abundance of bacteria and sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) in cold fluids compared with warm fluids. The operation-dependent temperature increase at the warm well probably enhanced organic matter availability, favoring the growth of fermentative bacteria and SRB in the topside facility after the reduction of fluid temperature. In the cold well, SRB predominated

and probably accounted for corrosion damage to the submersible well pump and iron sulfide precipitates in the near wellbore area and topside facility filters. This corresponded to lower sulfate content in fluids produced from the cold well as well as higher content of hydrogen Dibutyryl-cAMP purchase gas that was probably released from corrosion, and maybe favored growth of hydrogenotrophic SRB. This study reflects the high influence of microbial populations for geothermal plant operation, because microbiologically induced precipitative and corrosive processes adversely affect

plant reliability.”
“This selleck inhibitor work deals with detailed investigations of the photophysical properties of a styryl merocyanine dye, namely 1-cetyl-4-[4'-(methoxy) styryl]-pyridinium bromide (CMSPB) of molecular rotor type. The solvatochromic analyses of the data in different solvents using the Kamlet-Taft parameters (alpha, beta, pi*) were discussed. Optical excitation of the studied merocyanine dye populates a CT S-1 state with about 22.64 folds higher dipole moment value relative to that in the So state. Moreover, the effect of solvent viscosity (glycerol at various temperatures (299.0-351.0 K)) on CMSPB fluorescent properties is analyzed to understand the molecular mechanisms of the characteristic increase in CMSPB fluorescence intensity. The results indicate that CMSPB exhibits fluorescent properties typical for molecular rotors. The results show that torsional relaxation dynamics of molecular rotors in high-viscosity solvents cannot be described by

the simple stick boundary hydrodynamics defined by the Debye-Stokes-Einstein (DSE) equation. The fluorescence depolarization behavior in glycerol at various temperatures (299.0-351.0 BMS-777607 in vitro K) shows that the molecular rotational diffusion is controlled by the free volume of the medium. Furthermore, excited state studies in ethanol/chloroform mixture revealed the formation of weak complex with chloroform of stoichiometry 1:1 with formation constant of 0.0041 mol(-1). Moreover, the increase of the quantum yield values in micellar solutions of CTAB and SDS relative to that of water indicates that the guest dye molecules are microencapsulated into the hydrophobic interior of host micelle. The obtained non-zero values of fluorescence polarization in micellar solution imply reduced rotational depolarization of dye molecules via association with the surfactant.

“We assessed whether repeated arsenic exposure can decreas

“We assessed whether repeated arsenic exposure can decrease paracetamol-mediated antinociception by modulating serotonergic and endocannabinoid pathways. Rats were preexposed to elemental arsenic (4 ppm) as sodium arsenite through drinking water for 28 days. Next day paracetamol’s (400 mg/kg, oral) antinociceptive selleck compound activity was assessed through formalin-induced nociception. Serotonin content and gene expression of 5-HT1A, 5-HT and CB1 receptors were evaluated in brainstem and frontal cortex. Arsenic decreased paracetamol-mediated analgesia. Paracetamol, but not arsenic, increased serotonin content in these regions. Arsenic attenuated paracetamol-mediated increase in serotonin level. Paracetamol did

not alter 5-HT1A expression, but caused down-regulation of 5-HT2A and up-regulation of CBI. receptors. Arsenic down-regulated these receptors. However, paracetamol-mediated down-regulation of 5-HT2A was more pronounced. Arsenic did not modify paracetamol’s effect on 5-HT1A expression, but reduced paracetamol-mediated down-regulation of 5-HT2A and reversed up-regulation of CB1 receptors. Results suggest arsenic reduced paracetamol-induced analgesia possibly by interfering with pronociceptive 5-HT2A and antinociceptive CB1 receptors. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“At present, the onset and progress of diabetes, and the efficacy of potential treatments, can only be assessed through indirect means, i.e. blood glucose, insulin, or Alisertib C-peptide

measurements. The development

of non-invasive and reliable methods for (1) quantification of pancreatic beta islet cell mass in vivo, (2) determining endogenous islet function and survival, and (3) visualizing the biodistribution, survival, and function of transplanted exogenous islets are critical to further advance both basic science research and islet cell therapy in diabetes. Islet cell imaging using EVP4593 magnetic resonance, bioluminescence, positron emission tomography, or single photon emission computed tomography may provide us with a directmeans to interrogate islet cell distribution, survival, and function. Current state-of-the-art strategies for beta-cell imaging are discussed and reviewed here in context of their clinical relevance. Copyright (C) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Group A rotaviruses (RV-A) are the leading cause of viral gastroenteritis in children worldwide and genotype G9P[8] is one of the five most common genotypes detected in humans. In order to gain insight into the degree of genetic variability of G9P[8] strains circulating in Cameroon, stool samples were collected during the 1999-2000 rotavirus season in two different geographic regions in Cameroon (Southwest and Western Regions). By RT-PCR, 15 G9P[8] strains (15/89 = 16.8%) were identified whose genomic configurations was subsequently determined by complete or partial gene sequencing. In general, all Cameroonian G9 strains clustered into current globally-spread sublineages of the VP7 gene and displayed 86.

The unfolded protein collapses on decreasing the concentration of

The unfolded protein collapses on decreasing the concentration of denaturants. Below the critical concentration of 3.5 M denaturant, the collapse in GdmCl leads to a

more dense state than in urea. Since it is known PXD101 that GdmCl suppresses electrostatic interactions, we infer that Coulomb forces are the dominant forces acting in the unfolded barstar under native conditions. This hypothesis is clearly buttressed by the finding of a compaction of the unfolded barstar by addition of KCl at low urea concentrations. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Maltose utilization and regulation in aspergilli is of great importance for cellular physiology and industrial fermentation processes. In Aspergillus oryzae, maltose utilization requires a functional MAL locus,

composed of three genes: MALR encoding a regulatory protein, MALT encoding maltose permease and MALS encoding maltase. Through a comparative genome and transcriptome analysis www.selleckchem.com/products/GDC-0941.html we show that the MAL regulon system is active in A. oryzae while it is not present in Aspergillus niger. In order to utilize maltose, A. niger requires a different regulatory system that involves the AmyR regulator for glucoamylase (glaA) induction. Analysis of reporter metabolites and subnetworks illustrates the major route of maltose transport and metabolism in A. oryzae. This demonstrates that overall metabolic responses of A. oryzae occur in terms of genes, enzymes and metabolites when the carbon source is altered. Although the knowledge of maltose transport and metabolism is far from being complete in Aspergillus spp., ARN-509 our study not only helps to understand the sugar preference in industrial fermentation processes, but also indicates how maltose affects gene expression and overall metabolism.”
“Aims: Minimal access

breast surgery (MABS) is a procedure that completes breast conservation surgery (BCS) and sentinel node biopsy (SNB) through a single incision. It allows access to axillary sentinel nodes via the breast incision and also provides access to the internal mammary nodes (IMN) as well as other nodal sites when needed. The aims of this study are to describe the MABS approach and to evaluate its safety and efficacy in cases Undergoing BCS and SNB (axillary or IMN) for treatment of breast cancer.\n\nMethods: The surgical technique for MABS is described. One hundred and three consecutive clinically lymph node negative patients undergoing BCS and SNB (axillary or IMN) were considered for MABS. Cases were classified according, to the location of sentinel nodes dissected (axillary, internal mammary or other), the location of the tumour and whether MABS was used. The success of MABS was calculated based on the number of cases where BCS and SNB were completed through a single breast incision. Number of lymph nodes (LN) retrieved, rate of LN positivity, aesthetics and complications were documented.

All soundtracks were presented on an iPod through headphones Pat

All soundtracks were presented on an iPod through headphones. Patients and researchers were blinded to allocation until interventions were administered. State-trait anxiety was self-assessed before the intervention and

state anxiety was self-assessed again 20 minutes after the provision of the soundtrack.\n\nMain outcome measure: Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.\n\nResults: Of 291 Transmembrane Transporters inhibitor patients assessed for eligibility, 170 patients completed the pre-intervention anxiety self-assessment and 169 completed the post-intervention assessment. Significant decreases (all P < 0.001) in anxiety level were observed among patients exposed to the electroacoustic musical composition (pre-intervention mean, 39; post-intervention mean, 34), audio field recordings (42; Prograf 35) or audio field recordings with embedded bianaural beats (43; 37) when compared with those allocated to receive simulated ED ambient noise (40; 41) or headphones only (44; 44).\n\nConclusion: In moderately anxious ED patients, state anxiety

was reduced by 10%-15% following exposure to purpose-designed sound interventions.”
“Multilayered film polycarbonate/polystyrene (PC/PS) comprising 257 layers with total thickness 125 mu m was made by coextrusion process. The nominal thickness of PC layers was 680 nm, and the nominal thickness of PS layers was 290 nm. Additionally, the control samples of PC and PS with the thickness of 125 mu m were coextruded in the same way. There was reasonably good correlation between the PC and PS layers real thickness as measured by AFM and the estimated thickness determined from the processing parameters. Significant shift of glass transition temperature is observed in multilayer film: for PS component toward higher temperature while PC still being glassy and for PC toward GSK1838705A mouse lower temperature while PS being in rubbery phase.

To investigate the amplitude and geometry of fast segmental motions, the LG-CP NMR technique under fast magic-angle spinning was used. 2D 13C?1H LG-CP spectra of PC, PS, and PC/PS 70/30 were recorded at various temperatures. Cross sections of aromatic carbons spectra show us the influence of PC on PS and vice versa. It gives us also the information about PS and PC segmental motion as a function of temperature: above the glass transition temperature of PS, the PC component of a multilayer film, although still being in glassy state, becomes more flexible. (C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012″
“Several compounds present in fruits as polyphenols are able to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. These proprieties are relevant mainly in tropical areas, as Amazonian region where infectious are highly prevalent. Therefore, this study investigated the antimicrobial activity of tucuma Amazonian fruit against 37 microorganisms. The potential role of oxidative metabolism imbalance was also studied as causal mechanism of antimicrobial activity.