Mater Lett 2012, 72:25–28.CrossRef 25. Xu C, Lee J-H, Lee J-C, Kim B-S, Hwang SW, Whang Cobimetinib supplier D: Electrochemical growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanorod arrays on oxidized bi-layer graphene electrode. Cryst Eng Comm 2011,13(20):6036–6039.CrossRef 26. Sugunan A, Warad HC, Boman M, Dutta J: Zinc oxide nanowires in chemical bath on seeded substrates: role of hexamine. J Sol–gel Sci Techn 2006,39(1):49–56.CrossRef 27. Rusli NI, Tanikawa M, Mahmood MR, Yasui K, Hashim AM: Growth of high-density zinc oxide nanorods
on porous silicon by thermal evaporation. Materials 2012,5(12):2817–2832.CrossRef 28. Tan ST, Sun XW, Yu ZG, Wu P, Lo GQ, Kwong DL: p-type conduction in unintentional carbon-doped ZnO thin films. Appl Phys Lett 2007, 91:072101.CrossRef 29. Balucani M, Nenzi P, Chubenko E, Klyshko A, Bondarenko V: Electrochemical and hydrothermal deposition of ZnO on silicon: from continuous films to nanocrystals. J Nanopart Res 2011,13(11):5985–5997.CrossRef 30. Hassan NK, Hashim MR, Mahdi MA, Allam NK: A catalyst-free growth of ZnO nanowires on Si (100) substrates: effect of substrate position on morphological, structural and optical properties. ECS J Solid State Sci Technol 2012,1(2):86-P89.CrossRef
31. Hassan NK, Hashim MR, Al-Douri Y, Al-Heuseen K: Current dependence growth of ZnO nanostructures selleck by electrochemical deposition technique. Int J Electrochem Sci 2012, 7:4625–4635. 32. Liu Z, Ya J, Xin Y, LE : Growth of ZnO nanorods by aqueous solution method with electrodeposited ZnO seed layers. Appl Surf Sci 2009,255(12):6415–6420.CrossRef 33. Mahmood K, Park SB, Sung HJ: Enhanced
photoluminescence, Raman spectra and field-emission Cell press behavior of indium-doped ZnO nanostructures. J Mater Chem C 2013,1(18):3138–3149.CrossRef 34. Amin G, Asif MH, Zainelabdin A, Zaman S, Nur O, Willander M: Influence of pH, precursor concentration, growth time, and temperature on the morphology of ZnO nanostructures grown by the hydrothermal method. J Nanomater 2011, 2011:1–9.CrossRef 35. Xu S, Wang ZL: One-dimensional ZnO nanostructures: solution growth and functional properties. Nano Res 2011,4(11):1013–1098.CrossRef 36. Zhang RH, Slamovich EB, Handwerker CA: Controlling growth rate anisotropy for formation of continuous ZnO thin films from seeded substrates. Nanotechnology 2013,24(19):195603.CrossRef 37. Baruah S, Dutta J: Hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanostructures. Sci Technol Adv Mater 2009,10(1):013001.CrossRef 38. Ul Hasan K: Graphene and ZnO Nanostructures for Nano-Optoelectronic & Biosensing Applications. Linköping University Electronic Press: Doctoral Thesis, Linköping University; 2012. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions NSAA designed and performed the experiments, participated in the characterization and data analysis of FESEM, EDX, XRD, and PL, and prepared the manuscript. MRM participated in the PL characterization. KY participated in the XRD characterization and revision of the manuscript.