Results Eighty-five spine surgeons completed our survey, for

\n\nResults. Eighty-five spine surgeons completed our survey, for a response rate of 84.1%. Most respondents (77.6%) were interested in working with an NPC

Panobinostat to screen patients with low back-related complaints referred for elective surgical assessment. Perception of suboptimal wait time for consultation and poor screening efficiency for surgical candidates were associated with greater surgeon interest in an NPC model of care. We achieved majority consensus regarding the core components for a low back-related complaints history and examination, and findings that would support surgical assessment. A majority of respondents (75.3%) agreed that they would be comfortable not assessing patients with low back-related complaints referred to their practice if indications for surgery were ruled out by an NPC.\n\nConclusion. The majority of Canadian spine surgeons were open to an NPC model of care to assess and triage nonurgent or emergent low back-related complaints. Clinical trials to establish the effectiveness and acceptance of check details an NPC model of care

by all stakeholders are urgently needed.”
“Synthesis and characterization of Cu0.5Tl0.5Ba2(Ca2-yMgy)(Cu0.5Zn2.5)O10-delta (y=0, 1.0, and 1.5) superconductor with 0%, 50%, and 75% Mg-doping at the Ca sites are reported. The samples were synthesized by solid-state reaction and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), dc-resistivity (rho) and fluctuation induced conductivity (FIC) analysis. The zero resistivity critical temperature learn more T-c(R=0) was decreased with the increase of Mg-doping at Ca sites. The microscopic parameters such as the cross-over temperature (T-o), zero temperature coherence length xi(c)(0) and interlayer coupling (J) were deduced

from FIC analysis. According to Aslamazov Larkin equations, a distinct cross-over temperature (T-o1) from three-dimensional (3D) to two-dimensional (2D) fluctuation induced conductivity regions was observed in all samples. Another crossover temperature (T-o2) from 2D to zero-dimensional (0D) fluctuations was also witnessed. FIC analysis revealed the deterioration of superconductivity with increased Mg-content. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.”
“The probiotic properties of two selected lactobacilli strains were assessed. L. salivarius and L. plantarum displayed higher hydrophobicity (48% and 54%, resp.) and coaggregation ability with four pathogens (from 7.9% to 57.5%). L. salivarius and L. plantarum had good inhibitory effects on S. aureus (38.2% and 49.5%, resp.) attachment to Caco-2 cells.

Direct cell counting and quantification of 16S rRNA genes and dis

Direct cell counting and quantification of 16S rRNA genes and dissimilatory sulfite reductase (dsrA) genes by real-time PCR proved different population sizes in fluids, showing higher abundance of bacteria and sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) in cold fluids compared with warm fluids. The operation-dependent temperature increase at the warm well probably enhanced organic matter availability, favoring the growth of fermentative bacteria and SRB in the topside facility after the reduction of fluid temperature. In the cold well, SRB predominated

and probably accounted for corrosion damage to the submersible well pump and iron sulfide precipitates in the near wellbore area and topside facility filters. This corresponded to lower sulfate content in fluids produced from the cold well as well as higher content of hydrogen Dibutyryl-cAMP purchase gas that was probably released from corrosion, and maybe favored growth of hydrogenotrophic SRB. This study reflects the high influence of microbial populations for geothermal plant operation, because microbiologically induced precipitative and corrosive processes adversely affect

plant reliability.”
“This selleck inhibitor work deals with detailed investigations of the photophysical properties of a styryl merocyanine dye, namely 1-cetyl-4-[4'-(methoxy) styryl]-pyridinium bromide (CMSPB) of molecular rotor type. The solvatochromic analyses of the data in different solvents using the Kamlet-Taft parameters (alpha, beta, pi*) were discussed. Optical excitation of the studied merocyanine dye populates a CT S-1 state with about 22.64 folds higher dipole moment value relative to that in the So state. Moreover, the effect of solvent viscosity (glycerol at various temperatures (299.0-351.0 K)) on CMSPB fluorescent properties is analyzed to understand the molecular mechanisms of the characteristic increase in CMSPB fluorescence intensity. The results indicate that CMSPB exhibits fluorescent properties typical for molecular rotors. The results show that torsional relaxation dynamics of molecular rotors in high-viscosity solvents cannot be described by

the simple stick boundary hydrodynamics defined by the Debye-Stokes-Einstein (DSE) equation. The fluorescence depolarization behavior in glycerol at various temperatures (299.0-351.0 BMS-777607 in vitro K) shows that the molecular rotational diffusion is controlled by the free volume of the medium. Furthermore, excited state studies in ethanol/chloroform mixture revealed the formation of weak complex with chloroform of stoichiometry 1:1 with formation constant of 0.0041 mol(-1). Moreover, the increase of the quantum yield values in micellar solutions of CTAB and SDS relative to that of water indicates that the guest dye molecules are microencapsulated into the hydrophobic interior of host micelle. The obtained non-zero values of fluorescence polarization in micellar solution imply reduced rotational depolarization of dye molecules via association with the surfactant.


“We assessed whether repeated arsenic exposure can decreas


“We assessed whether repeated arsenic exposure can decrease paracetamol-mediated antinociception by modulating serotonergic and endocannabinoid pathways. Rats were preexposed to elemental arsenic (4 ppm) as sodium arsenite through drinking water for 28 days. Next day paracetamol’s (400 mg/kg, oral) antinociceptive selleck compound activity was assessed through formalin-induced nociception. Serotonin content and gene expression of 5-HT1A, 5-HT and CB1 receptors were evaluated in brainstem and frontal cortex. Arsenic decreased paracetamol-mediated analgesia. Paracetamol, but not arsenic, increased serotonin content in these regions. Arsenic attenuated paracetamol-mediated increase in serotonin level. Paracetamol did

not alter 5-HT1A expression, but caused down-regulation of 5-HT2A and up-regulation of CBI. receptors. Arsenic down-regulated these receptors. However, paracetamol-mediated down-regulation of 5-HT2A was more pronounced. Arsenic did not modify paracetamol’s effect on 5-HT1A expression, but reduced paracetamol-mediated down-regulation of 5-HT2A and reversed up-regulation of CB1 receptors. Results suggest arsenic reduced paracetamol-induced analgesia possibly by interfering with pronociceptive 5-HT2A and antinociceptive CB1 receptors. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“At present, the onset and progress of diabetes, and the efficacy of potential treatments, can only be assessed through indirect means, i.e. blood glucose, insulin, or Alisertib C-peptide

measurements. The development

of non-invasive and reliable methods for (1) quantification of pancreatic beta islet cell mass in vivo, (2) determining endogenous islet function and survival, and (3) visualizing the biodistribution, survival, and function of transplanted exogenous islets are critical to further advance both basic science research and islet cell therapy in diabetes. Islet cell imaging using EVP4593 magnetic resonance, bioluminescence, positron emission tomography, or single photon emission computed tomography may provide us with a directmeans to interrogate islet cell distribution, survival, and function. Current state-of-the-art strategies for beta-cell imaging are discussed and reviewed here in context of their clinical relevance. Copyright (C) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Group A rotaviruses (RV-A) are the leading cause of viral gastroenteritis in children worldwide and genotype G9P[8] is one of the five most common genotypes detected in humans. In order to gain insight into the degree of genetic variability of G9P[8] strains circulating in Cameroon, stool samples were collected during the 1999-2000 rotavirus season in two different geographic regions in Cameroon (Southwest and Western Regions). By RT-PCR, 15 G9P[8] strains (15/89 = 16.8%) were identified whose genomic configurations was subsequently determined by complete or partial gene sequencing. In general, all Cameroonian G9 strains clustered into current globally-spread sublineages of the VP7 gene and displayed 86.

The unfolded protein collapses on decreasing the concentration of

The unfolded protein collapses on decreasing the concentration of denaturants. Below the critical concentration of 3.5 M denaturant, the collapse in GdmCl leads to a

more dense state than in urea. Since it is known PXD101 that GdmCl suppresses electrostatic interactions, we infer that Coulomb forces are the dominant forces acting in the unfolded barstar under native conditions. This hypothesis is clearly buttressed by the finding of a compaction of the unfolded barstar by addition of KCl at low urea concentrations. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Maltose utilization and regulation in aspergilli is of great importance for cellular physiology and industrial fermentation processes. In Aspergillus oryzae, maltose utilization requires a functional MAL locus,

composed of three genes: MALR encoding a regulatory protein, MALT encoding maltose permease and MALS encoding maltase. Through a comparative genome and transcriptome analysis www.selleckchem.com/products/GDC-0941.html we show that the MAL regulon system is active in A. oryzae while it is not present in Aspergillus niger. In order to utilize maltose, A. niger requires a different regulatory system that involves the AmyR regulator for glucoamylase (glaA) induction. Analysis of reporter metabolites and subnetworks illustrates the major route of maltose transport and metabolism in A. oryzae. This demonstrates that overall metabolic responses of A. oryzae occur in terms of genes, enzymes and metabolites when the carbon source is altered. Although the knowledge of maltose transport and metabolism is far from being complete in Aspergillus spp., ARN-509 our study not only helps to understand the sugar preference in industrial fermentation processes, but also indicates how maltose affects gene expression and overall metabolism.”
“Aims: Minimal access

breast surgery (MABS) is a procedure that completes breast conservation surgery (BCS) and sentinel node biopsy (SNB) through a single incision. It allows access to axillary sentinel nodes via the breast incision and also provides access to the internal mammary nodes (IMN) as well as other nodal sites when needed. The aims of this study are to describe the MABS approach and to evaluate its safety and efficacy in cases Undergoing BCS and SNB (axillary or IMN) for treatment of breast cancer.\n\nMethods: The surgical technique for MABS is described. One hundred and three consecutive clinically lymph node negative patients undergoing BCS and SNB (axillary or IMN) were considered for MABS. Cases were classified according, to the location of sentinel nodes dissected (axillary, internal mammary or other), the location of the tumour and whether MABS was used. The success of MABS was calculated based on the number of cases where BCS and SNB were completed through a single breast incision. Number of lymph nodes (LN) retrieved, rate of LN positivity, aesthetics and complications were documented.

All soundtracks were presented on an iPod through headphones Pat

All soundtracks were presented on an iPod through headphones. Patients and researchers were blinded to allocation until interventions were administered. State-trait anxiety was self-assessed before the intervention and

state anxiety was self-assessed again 20 minutes after the provision of the soundtrack.\n\nMain outcome measure: Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.\n\nResults: Of 291 Transmembrane Transporters inhibitor patients assessed for eligibility, 170 patients completed the pre-intervention anxiety self-assessment and 169 completed the post-intervention assessment. Significant decreases (all P < 0.001) in anxiety level were observed among patients exposed to the electroacoustic musical composition (pre-intervention mean, 39; post-intervention mean, 34), audio field recordings (42; Prograf 35) or audio field recordings with embedded bianaural beats (43; 37) when compared with those allocated to receive simulated ED ambient noise (40; 41) or headphones only (44; 44).\n\nConclusion: In moderately anxious ED patients, state anxiety

was reduced by 10%-15% following exposure to purpose-designed sound interventions.”
“Multilayered film polycarbonate/polystyrene (PC/PS) comprising 257 layers with total thickness 125 mu m was made by coextrusion process. The nominal thickness of PC layers was 680 nm, and the nominal thickness of PS layers was 290 nm. Additionally, the control samples of PC and PS with the thickness of 125 mu m were coextruded in the same way. There was reasonably good correlation between the PC and PS layers real thickness as measured by AFM and the estimated thickness determined from the processing parameters. Significant shift of glass transition temperature is observed in multilayer film: for PS component toward higher temperature while PC still being glassy and for PC toward GSK1838705A mouse lower temperature while PS being in rubbery phase.

To investigate the amplitude and geometry of fast segmental motions, the LG-CP NMR technique under fast magic-angle spinning was used. 2D 13C?1H LG-CP spectra of PC, PS, and PC/PS 70/30 were recorded at various temperatures. Cross sections of aromatic carbons spectra show us the influence of PC on PS and vice versa. It gives us also the information about PS and PC segmental motion as a function of temperature: above the glass transition temperature of PS, the PC component of a multilayer film, although still being in glassy state, becomes more flexible. (C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012″
“Several compounds present in fruits as polyphenols are able to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. These proprieties are relevant mainly in tropical areas, as Amazonian region where infectious are highly prevalent. Therefore, this study investigated the antimicrobial activity of tucuma Amazonian fruit against 37 microorganisms. The potential role of oxidative metabolism imbalance was also studied as causal mechanism of antimicrobial activity.

One mrp operon could confer tolerance of E coli KNabc to 0 8 M N

One mrp operon could confer tolerance of E. coli KNabc to 0.8 M NaCl and 100 mM LiCl, and an alkaline pH. This operon was previously mainly designated mrp (also mnh, Selleck AZD6244 pha or sha) due to its multiple resistance and pH-related activity. Here, we will also use mrp to designate the homolog from H. zhaodongensis (Hz_mrp). Sequence analysis and protein alignment showed that Hz_mrp should belong to Group 1 mrp operons. Further phylogenetic analysis reveals

that Hz_Mrp system should represent a novel sub-class of Group 1 Mrp systems. This was confirmed by a significant difference in pH-dependent activity profile or the specificity and affinity for the transported monovalent cations between Hz_Mrp system and all the known Mrp systems. Therefore, we propose that Hz_Mrp should be categorized as a novel Group 1 Mrp system.”
“BACKGROUND: Young age at diagnosis and treatment with cranial radiation therapy are well studied risk factors for cognitive impairment LDN-193189 cost in pediatric brain tumor survivors. Other risk factors are hydrocephalus, surgery complications, and treatment with intrathecal chemotherapy. Female gender vulnerability to cognitive sequelae after

cancer treatment has been evident in some studies, but no earlier studies have related this to tumor size. The purpose of our study was to find factors correlated with lowered IQ in a nationally representative

sample of pediatric brain tumor patients referred for neuropsychologic evaluation. METHODS: Sixty-nine pediatric brain tumor patients, diagnosed 1988-2005 and tested 1995-2006, were included in the study. In a series of Nutlin-3a in vivo stepwise multiple regressions, the relationship of IQ to disease, treatment, and individual variables (sex and syndromes) were evaluated. A subanalysis was made of the covariation between sex and tumor size. RESULTS: The patients had generally suppressed IQ and impairments in executive function, memory, and attention. Lowered IQ was associated with young age at diagnosis, being male, tumor size, and treatment with whole-brain radiation therapy. A sex difference was evident for patients with increased intracranial pressure at diagnosis with males having larger tumors. Tumor size was found to be a better predictor of cognitive sequelae than sex. CONCLUSIONS: Whole-brain radiation therapy, large tumors, young age at diagnosis, and male gender are risk factors for late cognitive sequelae after pediatric brain tumors. When examining sex differences, tumor size at diagnosis needs to be taken into account.”
“We report on the presence and formation of cholesterol oxidation products (oxysterols) in bovine sperm.

8 K It was found that the film has strong in-plane uniaxial magn

8 K. It was found that the film has strong in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy (K-u : K-1 > 100 : 1) at 2.8K, and its easy magnetization axis is along the [(1) over bar 10] direction in the whole temperature range below its Curie temperature (< 100 K). This strong

CYT387 in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy as well as the large planer Hall effect will be a potential advantage for spin-electronic devices. (C) 2009 The Japan Society of Applied Physics”
“Background For most patients who require intensive care, the success of clinical decision making and interventions is dependent on the accuracy of different physiological variables measured or obtained from samples using an arterial catheter. Maintaining the patency of these catheters is therefore essential for obtaining accurate measures, minimizing patient click here discomfort and reducing expenses incurred when an occluded catheter requires replacement. Uncertainty exists amongst clinicians as to best practice surrounding the contents of the arterial catheter flush solution (heparin or saline). The use of heparin is more expensive and is accompanied by significant risks such as haemorrhage,

hypersensitivity and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Objectives The objective of this review was to evaluate whether normal saline is as efficacious and safe as heparin in maintaining the patency of arterial intravascular catheters in adult patients without a haematological disorder. Search methods Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were identified through electronic database searches: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) 2013, Issue 1, part of The Cochrane Library; MEDLINE (Ovid, 1966 to March 2013); www.selleckchem.com/products/mi-503.html EMBASE (Ovid, 1988 to March 2013) and CINAHL (1988 to March 2013), using specific strategies as advised by the Cochrane Anaesthesia Group search specialist.

We contacted trial authors to ask for additional information as needed. Selection criteria Randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized studies irrespective of blinding or language that compared an arterial catheter flush solution comprising any dose of heparin versus an infusion of normal saline only. Data collection and analysis Two review authors independently screened for methodological quality and extracted data from all identified studies that met the protocol inclusion criteria. Main results A total of seven studies (606 participants) met the inclusion criteria and measured the primary outcome of interest. All studies were at unclear to high risk of bias. Given the high degree of clinical and statistical heterogeneity of the included studies, no meta-analysis was completed. The results from individual studies that compared heparin at a dose of 1 to 2 IU/mL under continuous pressure were imprecise and do not provide definitive evidence of a difference.

Partial revisions either to an alternative ipsilateral UKA or con

Partial revisions either to an alternative ipsilateral UKA or contralateral UKA are viable less invasive techniques, which in carefully selected patients and in experienced hands warrant consideration.”
“Background: There is a lack of validated standardized outcome measures for epidermolysis bullosa (EB) that can separate

activity from damage. Objective: We sought to develop and validate an instrument for inherited EB of all ages and subtypes, the EB Disease Activity and Scarring Index (EBDASI), which scores activity responsive to therapy separately from scarring. Methods: The EBDASI was validated by comparing its reliability and validity against the Birmingham EB Severity (BEBS) score (partially validated with activity mixed with scarring), using the Physician Global Assessment (PGA) scale as a reference measurement. Sixteen patients with EB (7 EB simplex, 5 dominant dystrophic EB [DDEB], 2 junctional EB, and 2 recessive dystrophic selleck chemical EB) were assessed by 5 EB experts using the EBDASI, BEBS, and PGA, and data from 9 additional

patients assessed on an ad hoc basis during routine patient clinic were also included. Results: For interrater reliability, the overall total score intraclass correlation coefficients (95% confidence intervals) were: EBDASI 0.964 (0.929-0.986), BEBS 0.852 (0.730-0.937), and PGA 0.873 (0.765-0.946). For intrarater reliability, the intraclass correlation Vorinostat solubility dmso coefficients were: EBDASI 0.994 (0.976-0.998), BEBS 0.926 (0.748-0.981), and PGA 0.932 (0.764-0.982). The EBDASI had a higher correlation with PGA (rho = 0.871) than BEBS with PGA (rho = 0.852). Intraclass correlation

coefficients scatterplots showed the EBDASI was better at distinguishing milder forms of EB, with better selleck chemicals correlations at higher severity scores than the BEBS. Limitations: A limited number of patients were recruited for this study. An independent study will be required to demonstrate the responsiveness of the EBDASI. Conclusion: The EBDASI demonstrated excellent reliability and validity, as compared with 2 other outcome measures.”
“Background: Research suggests that alterations in gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor functioning have a role in depression. Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) paradigms are noninvasive measures of cortical inhibitory and excitatory circuits. Objective/hypothesis: The present study examined pretreatment short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI), long-interval cortical inhibition (LICI), and intracortical facilitation (ICF) in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder who were initiating fluoxetine treatment. The primary objective was to examine the relationship of these measures with subsequent treatment response. It was hypothesized that alterations in pretreatment GABA and glutamate mediated neurotransmission, would be associated with fluoxetine nonresponse.”
“Floodplain inundation plays a key role in riparian ecosystems.

SMARCA2 mutations caused NCBRS, typically with short stature, spa

SMARCA2 mutations caused NCBRS, typically with short stature, sparse hair, a thin vermillion of the https://www.selleckchem.com/products/ferrostatin-1-fer-1.html upper lip, an everted lower lip and prominent finger joints. A SMARCE1 mutation caused CSS without typical facial coarseness and with significant digital/nail hypoplasia. ARID1A mutations caused the most severe CSS with severe physical complications. ARID1B mutations caused CSS without typical facial coarseness and with mild digital/nail hypoplasia, or caused syndromic ID. Because of the common underlying mechanism and overlapping clinical features, we propose that these conditions be referred to collectively as

“SWI/SNF-related ID syndromes”. (C) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Epithelial GSK1210151A cell line malignancies frequently metastasize to the serous cavities and result in symptomatic effusions. Cytology has high specificity but moderate sensitivity for the diagnosis of a malignant effusion. We developed and validated a simple, rapid, 3-color flow cytometric panel using the adhesion molecule Ber-EP4 to detect epithelial cells in effusions. One hundred ninety-five consecutive benign and malignant effusions received for routine cytologic examination were analyzed Eighty-three fluid specimens were benign and 76 were malignant as judged by follow-up

data. Ber-EP4 positive cells were detected with flow cytometry in 89.3% of malignant effusions. The sensitivity and specificity of flow cytometry was 88.15% and 97.64% compared with 73.68% and 100% on cytologic examination alone for the presence of a malignant effusion. Flow cytometry is a useful adjunct to cytology for the diagnosis of a malignant effusion and is particularly useful if the cytologic diagnosis is atypical/suspicious or if the cytologic preparations are hypocellular or hemorrhagic.”
“The Drosophila

disconnected (disco) gene encodes a C(2)H(2)-type zinc finger transcription factor required for the development of the central and peripheral nervous systems. We report that disco participates in a positive feedback loop with the Dll gene, a master regulator of ventral appendage development. Dll function is not only required for proper disco expression selleck products in antenna and leg discs, but is also sufficient for ectopic expression of disco in the developing retina and wing imaginal discs. Conversely, disco gene function is required for the maintenance of Dll expression. We show that Dll phenotypes are partially rescued by the up-regulation of disco expression in the Dll domain. Reduction in disco gene function disrupts antenna and leg development, and the phenotypes closely resemble that produced by Dll alleles. These observations demonstrate that disco plays a fundamental role in the Dll-dependent patterning of antenna and leg, perhaps as a regulator of Dll gene expression.”
“The Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 protein complex plays central enzymatic and signaling roles in the DNA-damage response.

BALB/c mice sensitized

BALB/c mice sensitized find more and challenged to ovalbumin (OVA) were administered intragastrically with chrysin at a dose of 50 mg/kg daily. Chrysin significantly suppressed OVA-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to acetylcholine chloride (Ach). Chrysin administration significantly inhibited the total inflammatory cell and eosinophil counts in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and total immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels in serum. Histological examination of lung tissue demonstrated that chrysin significantly attenuated allergen-induced lung eosinophilic inflammation

and mucus-producing goblet cells in the airway. In addition, chrysin triggered a switch of the immune response to allergens towards a T-helper

type 1 (Thl) profile by modulating the transcription factors T-bet and GATA-3 in allergic mice. These data suggest that chrysin exhibits anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory properties and provides new insights into the immunopharmacological role of chrysin in terms of its effects in a murine model of asthma.”
“Objective: To investigate the expression of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PLGF) in the fetal growth restriction (FGR) cases and the intervention (mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine. GS-9973 order Methods: A total of 60 fetal growth restriction cases that admitted to our hospital were randomly divided into ligustrazine intervention group (group A) and nutritional support group (group B). A total of 50 healthy pregnant women were also enrolled as control group (group C). Expression level of maternal serum sFlt1, PLGF and fetal growth parameters including HC, AC, FL, BPD, EFW as well as placenta PLGF, sFlt-1 mRNA expression were recorded and compared among the three groups. A total of 15 SD rats were selected and were divided into

three groups, TMP group. alcohol and tobacco group and blank control group. Three groups of rats were dissected on the twentieth day of gestation. Result: Expression level of sFlt-1 and PLGF in group A was not significantly www.selleckchem.com/products/mcc950-sodium-salt.html different from that of group C (P bigger than 0.05); but significant difference in SFlt1 and PLGF expression level was observed between group C and group B (P smaller than 0.05). Before treatment, HC, AC, FL, BPD and EFW of group A and group B were significant lower than those of group C, hut after treatment, those parameters in group A were significantly improved (P smaller than 0.05). In the animal experiment there was no significant difference in sFlt-1 between treatment group and FGR group without treatment or control group (P bigger than 0.05). There was significant difference in PLGF between FGR group with treatment and FGR group without treatment or control group (P smaller than 0.01).