In fact, although these types of river fragments can be occupied for a short time, the high risk rate and the low flux of floaters classify them as merely sink patches selleck chemicals for mink. We detected several deaths on the roads along the valley bottoms of highly-fragmented rivers. Conclusion Our results provide evidence that habitat fragmentation reduces the persistence of riparian predators. Despite the fact that mink may cross barriers
and that the whole population is connected, as shown by the lack of any genetic structure in the population, there are large areas which are not occupied by either mink species, as a consequence of severe fragmentation. Although American mink have been considered to be one of the worst influences on the European mink population, river fragmentation could also have a strong negative impact on this endangered species. Moreover, the generalist species suffer fragmentation, but in lesser extent, and then they can survive better in
fragmented Selleckchem 7-Cl-O-Nec1 landscapes and can be in advantage against similar specialized species, such as European mink. Despite the cost and effort of control/eradication projects (see Zabala et al. 2010) their eventual success will not guarantee a recovery of European mink populations because of the deleterious effects of habitat fragmentation. Acknowledgments The trapping projects were supported and monitored by the Conservation, Natura 2000 Network and Biodiversity Service of the Department of Agriculture of the County Council of Biscay, following a European Mink Monitoring Program (County Order 118/2006 June19th). We are grateful to A. Azkona and C. Rodríguez-Refojos learn more for their field assistance in the 2007–2008 trapping season and to the Fish and Game rangers who trapped during the 2009–2011 trapping seasons (A. Alava, J. Aguirre, E. Díaz, A. Egia, J.R. Egia, M. Eguizabal, G. Etxabe, A. Galarza, E. Garamendi, L. González,
E. Goikolea, A. Goñi, A. Jaureguizar, K. Llaguno, F. Martínez, A. Oregi, J.M. Pérez de Ana, J. Ruíz, D. Rodríguez, J.M. Sagarna, Niclosamide M. San Sebastián and J. Santiesteban). The comments by two anonymous referees helped us to improve a previous version of the manuscript. We also thank A. Farrell for linguistic revision. Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited. Electronic supplementary material Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material. Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 kb) References Anistoroaei R, Farid A, Benkel B, Cirera S, Christensen K (2006) Isolation and characterization of 79 microsatellite markers from the American mink (Mustela vison). Anim Genet 37:185–188PubMedCrossRef Battin J (2004) When good animals love bad habitats: ecological traps and the conservation of animal populations.