Eighty-three percent of the mosquitoes ingesting a bloodmeal cont

Eighty-three percent of the mosquitoes ingesting a bloodmeal containing TE/3’2J/B2 were dead by day 21 versus 21% for mock, 11% for TE/3’2J, and 30% for TE/3’2J/GFP exposed mosquitoes (Figure

7A). Daily survival for mosquitoes that ingested TE/3’2J/B2 virus was significantly lower than mock, TE3’2J, or TE/3’2J/GFP-infected mosquitoes (P < 0.0001 for each comparison, Logrank test). Survival of TE/3'2J-infected mosquitoes was significantly different from TE/3'2J/GFP-infected mosquitoes (P = 0.0030). Survival of mosquitoes infected with TE/3'2J and TE/3'2J/GFP was not significantly different from mock-infected mosquitoes (P = 0.0623 selleck and 0.2496, respectively). Figure 7 Virus associated mortality of Ae. aegypti HWE mosquitoes following infection by TE/3′J/B2 virus. A) Oral bloodmeal infection Mosquitoes were given an infectious oral bloodmeal containing 1 × 107 PFU of virus and kept at Q-VD-Oph chemical structure optimal rearing conditions. Mortality was monitored daily for a total of 21 days. n = 200 mosquitoes per group. B) Infection via intrathoracic injection Mosquitoes were injected with virus stock diluted to 1 × 107 PFU/ml and mortality

was monitored daily. Day one mortality was not included. Black diamonds = Mock; Black circles = TE/3’2J; Black squares = TE/3’2J/GFP; Black triangles = TE/3’2J/B2. C) Determination of a mosquito 50 percent lethal dose for TE/3’2J-B2 infection. Groups of mosquitoes were

intrathoracically injected with TE/3’2J/B2 virus diluted ten-fold and mortality was monitored daily. n = 50 mosquitoes/group. White bar indicates 50% mortality. Because some mosquitoes that ingested a bloodmeal may not have become infected, individual mosquitoes were intrathoracically injected with virus to more accurately correlate infection with mortality. Female mosquitoes were injected with approximately 700 PFU of virus or cell culture medium and were monitored daily for mortality. At ten days post-infection, all mosquitoes injected with TE/3’2J/B2 virus were dead, whereas by day 13, at least 70% of mock-, TE/3’2J-, and TE/3’2J/GFP-injected mosquitoes survived (Figure 7B), suggesting that TE/3’2J/B2 virus infection caused the observed mortality in Ae. aegypti mosquitoes. To determine Dehydratase if TE/3’2J/B2-associated mortality was dose-dependent, a 50% lethal dose at seven days post-injection was determined by mosquito intrathoracic injection (Figure 7C). Groups of 50 mosquitoes were injected with TE/3’2J/B2 virus diluted 10-fold in cell culture medium and monitored for mortality. TE/3’2J/B2 infection was Trichostatin A cost extremely lethal, needing less than one PFU per mosquito to cause more than 50% mortality, and was dose-dependent. The median survival time for mosquitoes was five days at the highest dose (107 PFU/ml) and seven days at the lowest dose that caused more than 50% mortality (103 PFU/ml).

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