Accurate targeting of therapeutics precisely to the infarct border zone (BZ) may be essential for effective repair of the ischemic heart. Methods: Ischemia-reperfusion MI was induced in Yorkshire swine by inflation of an angioplasty balloon in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Fluorescent microspheres were injected into the BZ under NOGA catheter guidance, and this location was identified grossly then examined by immunohistochemistry and Western analysis. Results: Analysis of the infarct zone two hours post-MI revealed
a frankly necrotic region devoid of contractile proteins with marked activation of caspase-3. The NOGA-defined BZ closely approximates the grossly-defined PFTα BZ and contains intact myocytes and vasculature. Western analysis detected Akt expression and levels of Ca2+ handling proteins equivalent to that of viable tissues. Conclusions: Histological and Western Vorinostat analysis revealed that NOGA mapping precisely identifies grossly and molecularly defined infarct BZ at a location where there are still viable cells and vessels capable of supporting novel therapeutic strategies. Clin Trans Sci 2012; Volume 5: 416421″
three-step plasma treatmentactivation, functionalization and polymerizationhas been used to deposit a thin plasma polymer with amine groups on carbon fibres (CFs). This plasma polymer has strong adhesion to the CF surface and the amine groups enable strong bonding to a matrix. The CFs were first treated by Ar plasma to activate and clean the surface, followed
by O-2 plasma to incorporate oxygen-containing functional groups, and finally a heptylamine thin film was deposited using combined continuous wave and pulsed plasma polymerization. Strong adhesion between the plasma polymer and the CF was observed. The fibre BIX-01294 strength was not affected by the treatment.”
“This study was designed to determine the morphological and biochemical effects of zinc sulfate and the role of metallothionein in ethanol-induced intestinal injury. Rats received zinc sulfate (100 mg/kg/d) for 3 consecutive d, 2 h prior to the administration of ethanol by gavage. Ethanol administration caused intestinal injury as determined by increased serum lactate dehydrogenase activity, urea, creatinine, uric acid, and sialic acid levels, intestinal lipid peroxidation level, decreased serum catalase activity, intestinal glutathione level, and metallothionein expression. Zinc sulfate pretreatment of the ethanol group caused a decrease in histological damage, serum lactate dehydrogenase activity, urea, creatinine, uric acid, sialic acid levels, and intestinal lipid peroxidation level, but increases in serum catalase activity, intestinal glutathione level, and metallothionein expression.