To ensure that the added HAp particles are really present in/on nanofibers, FE-SEM equipped with EDS analysis was utilized for a comparative study of pristine and one of the modified buy AC220 nanofibers containing HAp NPs; the results are presented in Figure 6. Figure 6A shows the FE-SEM images, for pristine nanofibers indicating the point EDS taken at the center, and its corresponding EDS graph is presented underneath this figure. As shown in the inset (Figure 6A), weight percentage of pristine
PRT062607 supplier nanofibers contains (C, N, and O) elements only which symbolize the proteinaceous compounds originating from pristine nanofibers. Moreover, its counterpart (Figure 6B), the silk nanofibers incorporated with HAp NPs, shows the presence of (Ca and P) elements inside the nanofibers in addition of the other elements compared to that of the pristine one. The presence of these peaks clearly indicates the involvement of HAp NPs inside the nanofibers which were carried through designed electrospinning setup. Figure 6 Field emission scanning microscopy equipped selleck chemical with EDS results. For the pristine silk fibroin nanofibers (A) and silk fibroin nanofibers modified with 10% HAp nanoparticles (B). Due to the poor resolution of scanning electron microscopy, it can only reveal the surface architect
of materials, while internal contents often remain untracked. For this reason, we could not find the exact location of HAp NPs on nanofiber by FE-SEM. Therefore, we used
TEM to investigate the location of HAp NPs inside the nanofibers. In this context, Figure 7A,B shows the TEM images Sorafenib in low and high magnifications, obtained after analyzing the pristine nanofibers, which are free of any NPs. In this figure, pristine nanofibers can be seen intact and/or aberrationfree, indicating its pristine nature. Moreover, the morphology of the nanofiber modified with HAp NPs shown in Figure 8B, for low and high magnifications, reveals clear appearance of HAp NPs in nanofibers. As indicated by an arrow (Figure 8A), we can see the separated HAp NPs at the centric position of the nanofiber. Moreover, in Figure 8B, the high magnification image of the marked area near HAp NPs on the nanofiber shows the inset figure indicating the HR-TEM of the encircled area. This inset in the figure shows apparent crystal patterns present to that of the HAp NPs in the nanofibers. Furthermore, these results clearly demonstrate the presence and location of HAp NPs in and around nanofibers. Figure 7 Transmission electron microscopy results of the pristine silk fibroin nanofibers in low (A) and high magnifications (B). Figure 8 Transmission electron microscopy results of silk fibroin nanofibers containing 10% HAp NPs in low (A) and high magnifications (B). The inset in the figure (B) shows the HR-TEM of the encircled area.