Src inhibition also led to a dramatic decrease in the cell invasion in addition to decreasing the cellular growth. We suggest that targeting Src kinase could be an effective strategy to inhibit prostate cancer growth and metastasis.”
“Recent studies suggest that olive extracts suppress inflammation and reduce stress oxidative injury. We sought to extend these observations in an in vivo study of rat cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.\n\nFour
groups, each of 18 Wister rats, were studied. One (control) group received distilled A-1331852 order water, while three treatment groups received oral olive leaf extract (50, 75 and 100 mg/kg/day respectively). After 30 days, blood lipid profiles were determined, before a 60 mm period of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). After 24 h reperfusion, neurological deficit scores, infarct volume, brain edema, and blood-brain barrier permeability were each assessed in subgroups
of six animals drawn from each main group.\n\nOlive LBH589 leaf extract reduced the LDL/HDL ratio in doses 50, 75, and 100 mg/kg/day in comparison to the control group (P < 0.001), and offered cerebroprotection from ischemia-reperfusion. For controls vs. doses of 50 mg/kg/day vs. 75 mg/kg/day vs. 100 mg/kg/day, attenuated corrected infarct volumes were 209.79 +/- 33.05 mm(3) vs. 164.36 +/- 13.44 mm(3) vs. 123.06 +/- 28.83 mm(3) vs. 94.71 +/- 33.03 mm(3); brain water content of the infarcted hemisphere 82.33 +/- 0.33% vs. 81.33 +/- 0.66% vs. MRT67307 80.75 +/- 0.6% vs. 80.16 +/- 0.47%, and blood-brain barrier permeability of the infarcted hemisphere 11.22 +/- 2.19 mu g/g vs. 9.56 +/- 1.74 mu g/g vs. 6.99 +/- 1.48 mu g/g vs. 5.94 +/- 1.73 mu g/g tissue (P<0.05 and P<0.01 for measures in doses 75 and 100 mg/kg/day vs. controls respectively).\n\nOral administration of olive leaf extract reduces infarct volume, brain edema, blood-brain barrier permeability, and improves neurologic deficit scores after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. (C) 2010 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.”
“In the current review there are 19 patents from an initial list of 285 that
met the search criteria. Despite there being slightly fewer than usual, there is probably more chemistry described because several of the patents contain some detailed process schemes. Antidepressants are regular subjects in patents, and an enantioselective hydrogenation is described for preparing aminoalcohols that are used as intermediates in producing duloxetine and related drugs. A second patent on antidepressants describes a new demethylation method that can be used in the preparation of desvenlafaxine, the active metabolite in venlafaxine. Those readers who are trying to stop smoking may be interested in two patents. One is a process to produce chinazoline alkaloids that can be used to treat nicotine addition.