For sake of simplicity, all the accessory DNA regions have been called GEnomic Islands (GEIs). GEIs found at the 63 variable loci identified in the A. baumannii genomes, and some of their properties, are diagrammatically GSK2118436 research buy reported in Figure 2. TSDs flanking GEIs are reported in Additional file 3, and GEI gene products are listed in Additional file 4. In text and figures individual GEIs are referred by the locus number and the strain acronym used in Figure
2. Core and accessory chromosomal DNAs are fully conserved in ACICU and 3990 strains. Because of this, only the ACICU GEIs are shown in Figure 2. In draft genomes some GEIs reside in different contigs. The colinearity of the BI-D1870 mouse contigs and the GEI DNA content of the corresponding chromosomal
regions were assessed by sequencing PCR products bridging contigs ends. Figure 1 Comparison of A. baumannii genomes. The seven A. baumannii genomes analyzed have been aligned. Accessory regions are denoted by vertical bars. Strain-specific deletions are marked by triangles. Figure 2 Variable regions in A. baumannii genomes. A chart Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor of the genomic islands (GEIs) depicted as bars in Figure 1 is displayed. Each line corresponds to a chromosomal locus. Different GEIs inserted at the same locus in different strains are marked by different colours and lower case letters. Sizes of GEIs are given in kb. Black boxes within GEIs denote mobile sequences, down and up arrows to Resveratrol the left indicate that the GEI G+C content is lower than 36% or higher than 42%, respectively. Dots flanking GEIs denote TSDs. The strain names and relative acronyms used throughout the text are given at the top. Acronyms below complete genomes
are those used at Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). A close look at A. baumannii chromosomes further identified about one hundred DNA regions encoding 1-2 ORFs smaller than 4 kb conserved in one or more strains, but missing, or replaced by non homologous DNA of comparable length, in others. The potential gene products encoded by these smaller accessory regions, that we called mhrs (for micro-heterogeneity regions), are reported in Additional file 5. Categories of genomic islands Some islands are strain-specific; others are completely or partially conserved in more than one strain. Non homologous islands are inserted at the same locus in different strains, and some loci are extremely heterogeneous, featuring up to 4-5 alternative islands. Some islands are composite, and changes in their organization among strains are correlated to changes in the number and association of specific DNA segment. Thus, for example, G54ST78 can be viewed as made by ABC segments. Segments AB are missing in G54acb, segments AC in both G54abn and G54aby, and segment C is replaced by a shorter DNA segment in G54acb (see Additional file 4 for a direct G54 islands comparison).