Conclusions: Alarmingly low immunization coverage of migrant children should be closely monitored by NIISS. Primary caregiver and child’s determinants should be considered when taking measures. Strategies to strengthen active out-reach activities and selleck compound health
education for primary caregivers needed to be developed to improve their immunization coverage.”
“Diviani D, Dodge-Kafka KL, Li J, Kapiloff MS. A-kinase anchoring proteins: scaffolding proteins in the heart. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 301: H1742-H1753, 2011. First published August 19, 2011; doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00569.2011.-The pleiotropic cyclic nucleotide cAMP is the primary second messenger responsible for autonomic regulation of cardiac inotropy, chronotropy, and lusitropy. Under conditions of prolonged catecholaminergic stimulation, cAMP also contributes to the induction of both cardiac myocyte hypertrophy selleck and apoptosis. The formation of localized, multiprotein complexes that contain different combinations of cAMP effectors and regulatory enzymes provides the
architectural infrastructure for the specialization of the cAMP signaling network. Scaffolds that bind protein kinase A are called “A-kinase anchoring proteins” (AKAPs). In this review, we discuss recent advances in our understanding of how PKA is compartmentalized within the cardiac myocyte by AKAPs and how AKAP complexes modulate cardiac function in both health and disease.”
“Purpose: Laparoscopic treatment of parapelvic renal cysts, as a gold standard, is quick and effective. Ureteroscopic unroofing, however, could be used as an alternative technique in selected
patients.\n\nPatients and Methods: Two men (aged 56 and 53 years) presented with parapelvic cyst. In the first patient, intravenous urography and CT scan revealed multiple renal cysts with a 6 x 5 cm parapelvic cyst, and the other patient showed a 6.5 x 7.5 cm parapelvic cyst, both with hydronephrosis. There were no solid tissues in the cysts. Semirigid ureteroscopy was performed and S63845 ic50 the parapelvic cyst was unroofed and marsupialized to the adjacent collecting system. Retrograde pyelography was performed within 5 hours of the procedure, and the ureteral catheter was removed. We evaluated our patients at 2 weeks and 3 months postoperatively.\n\nResults: We had no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Operative times were 35 and 30 minutes in patients 1 and 2, respectively. Retrograde pyelography showed contrast media filling the parapelvic cyst and the collecting system without extravasation. The first patient’s flank pain was partly relieved. In the other patient, hypertension decreased noticeably (preoperational: 160/95 mm Hg, and postoperational 3 months: 135/85 mm Hg) and right flank pain totally disappeared. Intravenous pyelography and CT images showed objective improvement in hydronephrotic changes, with no evidence of symptomatic and radiographic recurrences.