Aurora kinase A controls the entrance into mitosis by regulating cyclin B/CDK1. Aurora kinase B phosphorylates Ser10 on Histone H3 to regulate chromosome condensation and interacts with INCENP, survivin, and borealin to MEK162 form chromosomal passenger complex for chromosome arrangement during cytokin esis. Aurora kinase C is mainly expressed in tes tis and is involved in spermatogenesis. Several studies had implicated the relationship between aurora kinases and carcinogenesis. Overexpression of aur ora kinase A produces several centrosomes in fibroblast, resulting in aneuploidy. Both aurora kinase A and B had been suggested to be cor related with oral cancer. Despite its major expression site in testis, aurora kinase C appears occa sionally in some cancer tissues.
Currently, aurora Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries kinases inhibitors VX680 and PHA 730358 Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries are clinically tested. In Myc overexpressed cells, treatment of VX680 was reported to induce apoptosis or the subsequent autophagy mediated death in residual cells. Autophagy is a mechanism by which cells enhance metabolism of damaged organelles or recycle dis pensable materials to survive harsh conditions like starva tion. In the initiation of autophagy, LC3 could be lipidated Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries and became active form, which would interact with cellular lipid to facilitate aggregation of autop hagosome. Therefore, VX680 treatment induces both apoptosis and autophagy, leading to increase the chance of oncolysis. Based on the fact that VX680 successfully inter feres with growth of various malignant cell lines obtained from different tissues, aurora kinases become valuable targets for cancer therapies.
Therefore, it is important to identify effective inhibitors for aurora kinases and under stand the mechanisms for the inhibitory effects. Reversine 6 cyclohexylami Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries nopurine was found originally to promote cell dediffer entiation. Recently, aurora kinases were proved to be the targets of reversine. Compared with VX680, reversine is less toxic to cells from healthy donors but is efficient to reduce cell colony formation from acute myeloid leukemia patients. Besides, reversine was also proved to block proliferation or to induce programmed cell death in different malignant cell lines such as HCT 116. In vivo, reversine restricts tumor growth from xenograft models experi ment. These data increase the possibility that reversine may be a potential candidate for treating oral cancers.
In this study, we investigate the mechanisms behind the suppressive effects of reversine on OSCC cells and conclude that reversine Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries is a broad spectrum agent involved in cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, caspase independent cell death and autophagy. Materials and methods Cell culture and Transfection e-book Two OSCC cell lines, which were derived from two males with habits of drinking, smoking, and betel quid chewing in Taiwan, were main tained in RPMI1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and 1% penicillin/streptomycin.